Indicators metadata

1. Local stakeholder actions

1 New material passports: Impact

Mass of materials given passport per year

(To be selected together with indicator number 2)


Vision element
1. Local stakeholder actions

Category
  • Engagement and capacity building
  • Regulation and incentives
  • Vision and urban management

Methodology

Total mass of materials given passport per year for each of the relevant fractions


Unit
Tonnes/ year
2 New material passports: Qualitative description

Description of passport established / updated to facilitate increased circularity. E.g. type of certification/validation, name of the institution issuing the passport, material types/fractions etc

(To be selected together with indicator number 1)


Vision element
1. Local stakeholder actions

Category
  • Engagement and capacity building
  • Regulation and incentives
  • Vision and urban management

Methodology

Qualitative description


Unit
Qualitative data
3 New tools for better mapping of resources and their location: Qualitative description

Qualitative description of individual tools, including scope and scale (e.g. demonstration vs city level), target users.

(To be selected together with indicator number 20)


Vision element
1. Local stakeholder actions

Category
  • Engagement and capacity building
  • Regulation and incentives
  • Vision and urban management

Methodology

Qualitative description


Unit
Qualitative data
4 CE-related knowledge building campaigns: Qualitative description

Description of knowledge building campaigns. The campaigns would normally be in the form of formalized education events, e.g. classes, courses, education workshops. Describe type of groups reached and type of knowledge building campaign.

(To be selected together with indicator number 5)


Vision element
1. Local stakeholder actions

Category
  • Engagement and capacity building

Methodology
  1. Identify and categorise knowledge campaigns
  2. Identify groups reached

Unit
Qualitative data
5 CE-related knowledge building campaigns: Impact

Number of campaigns Number of people reached for each campaign

(To be selected together with indicator number 4)


Vision element
1. Local stakeholder actions

Category
  • Engagement and capacity building

Methodology
  1. Number of campaigns
  2. Number of people reached

Unit
Number of campaigns, Number of people
6 Circularity related stakeholder activities

Description of activity type and dialogue methods, which stakeholder groups and when in the process Number of people involved


Vision element
1. Local stakeholder actions

Category
  • Engagement and capacity building

Methodology
  1. Identify stakeholder activity
  2. Describe process and when stakeholders are involved
  3. Identify dialogue methods used
  4. Number of people involved

Unit
Qualitative data, Number of people
7 New methods and technologies for stakeholder involvement: Qualitative description

Number of methods, and for each a qualitative description of the method

(To be selected together with indicator number 8)


Vision element
1. Local stakeholder actions

Category
  • Engagement and capacity building

Methodology
  1. Describe technologies used in stakeholder processes
  2. Describe technology advantage / disadvantage

Unit
Number of methods, Qualitative data
8 New methods and technologies for stakeholder involvement: Impact

Description of stakeholder groups involved Number of people impacted

(To be selected together with indicator number 7)


Vision element
1. Local stakeholder actions

Category
  • Engagement and capacity building

Methodology
  1. Describe the identified stakeholder groups
  2. Number of people impacted per stakeholder group

Unit
Qualitative data, Number of people
9 New formal CE-based collaboration platforms/networks

Number of CE-based collaboration platforms/networks Number of members in CE-based collaboration platforms/networks


Vision element
1. Local stakeholder actions

Category
  • Engagement and capacity building

Methodology
  1. Number of formalised CE-based collaboration platforms/networks
  2. Number of people in formalised CE-based collaboration platforms/networks

Unit
Number of networks, Number of people
10 Stakeholder contribution to improved circularity

Qualitative description of input from stakeholder activities and how it has contributed to improved circularity


Vision element
1. Local stakeholder actions

Category
  • Engagement and capacity building

Methodology
  1. List inputs from stakeholders
  2. Describe how it has been used by those that invited the stakeholder activity
  3. Describe how it has contributed to improved circularity

Unit
Qualitative data and potentially quantitative impact data
11 Communication measures on circular transformations and waste prevention

Describe type of communication measures, e.g. campaigns, provision of information, events for the public/companies.


Vision element
1. Local stakeholder actions

Category
  • Engagement and capacity building

Methodology
  1. Number of communication measures towards general public on CE transformation
  2. Number of people reached

Unit
Number of communication measures, Number of people
12 Circularity requirements in procurement beyond existing levels

Description of requirements in procurements going beyond what is current standard practice

(To be selected together with indicator number 15)


Vision element
1. Local stakeholder actions

Category
  • Regulation and incentives

Methodology
  1. Decide which procurements are relevant for analysis (e.g. demo action focussed procurements only or a wider range of procurements)
  2. Describe current standard practice in terms of CE requirements
  3. For each procurement case, describe additional requirements beyond standard practice
  4. In case of several relevant procurements, summarize relevant progress beyond existing levels

Unit
Qualitative data and potentially quantitative impact data
13 Circular procurement ambition set out in strategy / policy documents.

List and describe ambition and to which degree the ambitions are being fulfilled


Vision element
1. Local stakeholder actions

Category
  • Regulation and incentives

Methodology

Evaluate each ambition on scale:

  1. no progress,
  2. little progress,
  3. some progress,
  4. ambition nearly reached,
  5. ambition reached or beyond.

Unit
Score on categorical scale (1-5)
14 Investments in circular economy programmes

The share of investments made by selected public and private financial institutions in programmes / projects that explicitly focus on promoting CE.


Vision element
1. Local stakeholder actions

Category
  • Regulation and incentives

Methodology

CE focused investments as a share of total investments


Unit
%
15 Procurement with circularity requirements beyond existing levels: Impact

Number of procurements with circularity requirements

Value of procurement with circularity requirements

(To be selected together with indicator number 12)


Vision element
1. Local stakeholder actions

Category
  • Regulation and incentives

Methodology

For each action:

  • Type of procurement action
  • Value of procurement

For the whole period considered:

  • Time period
  • Number of procurement contracts
  • Sum up the total value of these contracts

Unit
Number of actions, Monetary value of procurements
16 Procurements making use of stakeholder dialogue to strengthen circularity: Qualitative description

Description of stakeholder dialogue in procurement processes focussing on circularity (e.g. demonstration action related or at city level)

(To be selected together with indicator number 17)


Vision element
1. Local stakeholder actions

Category
  • Regulation and incentives

Methodology

List number of procurements processes using stakeholder dialogue. For each of these procurements processes:

  • Describe the stakeholders/actors involved in the dialogue
  • Description of the dialogue including when in the process

Unit
Qualitative data
17 Procurements making use of stakeholder dialogue to strengthen circularity: Impact

For each procurement action value of procurement described in indicator Number 16, mass of materials impacted

(To be selected together with indicator number 16)


Vision element
1. Local stakeholder actions

Category
  • Regulation and incentives

Methodology
  • List number of procurements processes using stakeholder dialogue.
  • Sum up the total value
  • Define how to identify material impacted
  • Sum up volume of material impacted

Unit
Monetary value, Tonnes / year
18 Cityloops indicators used in procurement tenders and contracts

For each procurement action, describe to which degree CityLoops indicators have been used as part of circularity requirements in procurements. For this, see Table on “Circularity requirements beyond standard/existing levels” in D6.1 data collection template for Circular Procurements (Appendix C)


Vision element
1. Local stakeholder actions

Category
  • Regulation and incentives

Methodology

Number of indicators used in procurement tenders and contracts with similarity/link to the CityLoops indicators


Unit
Number of indicators
19 Progress towards circular city strategy objectives

Describe to which degree the city is making progress towards its circularity objectives. Identify categories of relevant strategy documents, select documents and relevant selected CE targets.


Vision element
1. Local stakeholder actions

Category
  • Vision and urban management

Methodology

For each of the identified targets: Describe ambition and judge on scale:

  1. no progress,
  2. little progress,
  3. some progress,
  4. ambition nearly reached,
  5. ambition reached or beyond

Unit
Score on categorical scale (1-5)
20 New tools for better mapping of resources and their location: Impact

Describe impact of CityLoops tools described in indicator Number 3 on material flows and other relevant parameters

(To be selected together with indicator number 3)


Vision element
1. Local stakeholder actions

Category
  • Vision and urban management

Methodology

For each tool (estimate):

  • Volume of materials impacted per year
  • Other relevant parameter per year

Unit
Tonnes / year, Other relevant quantitative units (Monetary, jobs etc)
21 New planning instruments/tools for improved circularity: Qualitative description

Define and select planning instruments/ tools relevant to improve circularity

(To be selected together with indicator number 22)


Vision element
1. Local stakeholder actions

Category
  • Vision and urban management

Methodology

Qualitative description of each instrument/tool


Unit
Qualitative data
22 New planning instruments/tools for improved circularity: Impact

Quantify impact of all planning instruments/tools tools described in indicator number 21.

(To be selected together with indicator number 21)


Vision element
1. Local stakeholder actions

Category
  • Vision and urban management

Methodology

For each instrument/tool:

  • Number of projects where tool was used Total mass of materials that the tool has impacted on per year
  • Recirculated mass of materials that the tool has impacted on per year

Unit
Number of tools, Tonnes / year

2. Circular business models and behavioural patterns

23 Eco-innovation: Qualitative description

Describe the business model, including how it contributes to moving up the waste hierarchy

(To be selected together with indicator number 24)


Vision element
2. Circular business models and behavioural patterns

Category
  • Private investments, jobs and gross value added
  • Circular design and business models

Methodology

Number of new CE business models

For each model:

  1. a qualitative description of model
  2. its circular strategy

Unit
Qualitative data
24 Eco-innovation: Impact

For each case of implementation of CE business models in indicator number 23, describe impact in terms of value creation and material flow

(To be selected together with indicator number 23)


Vision element
2. Circular business models and behavioural patterns

Category
  • Private investments, jobs and gross value added
  • Circular design and business models

Methodology

For each case of implementation of CE business models:

  1. Turnover
  2. Materials impacted

Unit
Monetary value, Tonnes / year
25 Percentage of new cars that are zero-emission vehicles

The share of new passenger cars or light commercial vehicles with zero tailpipe GHG emissions, e.g. battery electric or hydrogen cars


Vision element
2. Circular business models and behavioural patterns

Category
  • Private investments, jobs and gross value added
  • Circular design and business models

Methodology

For a selected time period (month or year):

Number of new passenger cars or light commercial vehicles with zero tailpipe GHG emissions / Number of new passenger cars or light commercial vehicles, preferably calculated at city level.


Unit
%
26 Transport modal share in commuting (cars, motorcycles, taxi, bus, metro, tram, bicycle, pedestrian)

Share of different transport modes used for work commuting during


Vision element
2. Circular business models and behavioural patterns

Category
  • Private investments, jobs and gross value added
  • Circular design and business models

Methodology

For a selected time period (month or year):

Percentage of commuting travels using different transport modes (cars, motorcycles, taxi, bus, metro, tram, bicycle, pedestrian), preferably calculated at city level.


Unit
%
27 Increased share of materials retained and reused on demonstration sites

The relative share of materials retained and reused on demonstration sites, measured for selected/key on-site waste material fractions and the total mass of waste materials.


Vision element
2. Circular business models and behavioural patterns

Category
  • Circular value chains and infrastructure
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology

For selected waste fractions and total mass of waste materials:

Retained and reused mass of materials / total mass of (waste) materials at demonstration site


Unit
Mass %
28 Volume onsite sorting (Improved source separation)

The relative share of waste materials produced and sorted on demonstration sites


Vision element
2. Circular business models and behavioural patterns

Category
  • Circular value chains and infrastructure
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology

The mass of on-site waste materials sorted / the mass of total on-site waste materials


Unit
Mass %
29 New material hotels: Mass of material stored in hotel

The indicator assess the impact and significance of the material hotel by logging the flow and stock of materials in the hotel.


Vision element
2. Circular business models and behavioural patterns

Category
  • Circular value chains and infrastructure
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology

The indicator assess the impact and significance of the material hotel by logging three variables:

  1. The mass of materials entering the hotel in a given time period (e.g. monthly of per year).
  2. The mass of materials exiting the hotel in a given time period (e.g. monthly of per year).
  3. The total mass of materials in store in the material hotel by the end of each time period (month or year)

In addition to logging the total mass, the mass can be logged by selected material fractions.


Unit
Tonnes / year, Tonnes
30 New digital material databank/marketplace: Qualitative description

Description of the digital material databank/marketplace in term of objective, type, scope, stage of development, target/user groups and other aspects deemed relevant

(To be selected together with indicator number 31)


Vision element
2. Circular business models and behavioural patterns

Category
  • Circular value chains and infrastructure
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology

See definition


Unit
Qualitative data
31 New digital material databank/marketplace: Impact

The impact of the digital marketplace is assessed by estimating the mass and value of material registered and traded per time period.

(To be selected together with indicator number 30)


Vision element
2. Circular business models and behavioural patterns

Category
  • Circular value chains and infrastructure
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology
  • Mass of materials registered per time period
  • Mass of materials traded per time period
  • Value of materials traded per time period
  • Time period can be month or year

Total mass should be registered, and optionally key material fractions


Unit
Tonnes / year, Monetary value/time
32 Reduced costs due to improved circularity

For selected cost type(s) (e.g. transport, virgin material costs, waste treatment costs), direct impacts on costs should be estimated.


Vision element
2. Circular business models and behavioural patterns

Category
  • Private investments, jobs and gross value added

Methodology

Quantification of cost savings for the selected cost type using a practical method. The estimate should be accompanied by a qualitative description of the method, which cost items are included and which are excluded, with a justification of the choice.


Unit
Monetary value
33 CE-based employment

Assess the impact of demonstration actions or at sector/city level by estimating the increase in CE related jobs


Vision element
2. Circular business models and behavioural patterns

Category
  • Private investments, jobs and gross value added
  • Well-being

Methodology

For a selected time period (e.g. year, project period etc. estimate:

  • Number of new CE related jobs Number of existing jobs becoming circular

If deemed practical for the evaluation, jobs that have a range of responsibilities, of which some are related to circularity and some are not, can be assigned a “percentage of circularity”. Using this principle, a change in the percentage can be assigned for existing jobs that become more circular.


Unit
Jobs

3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

34 Domestic material consumption (DMC)

The total amount of materials directly used by an economy and is defined as the annual quantity of raw materials extracted from the domestic territory, plus all physical imports minus all physical exports. See Eurostat


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Material / energy flow

Methodology

DMC = DEU + IMP - EXP = Domestic extraction used + Imports - Exports


Unit
Tonnes/year
35 Domestic material consumption (DMC) of virgin materials

The total amount of virgin materials directly used.


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Material / energy flow

Methodology

Virgin extraction + virgin imports - virgin exports where virgin imports = imports - imports of recycled materials - imports of waste


Unit
Tonnes/year
36 Total energy demand

Total energy demand for all sectors in the city.


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Material / energy flow

Methodology

Total energy demand in the city, if possible, broken down by key sectors. Data from statistical offices/power companies.


Unit
MWh/year
37 Share of renewable energy in total energy demand

Renewable energy usage in the city as a share of total energy demand


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Material / energy flow

Methodology

Renewable energy demand / Total energy demand. Data from statistical offices/power companies.


Unit
%
38 Local biomass for energy generation

Give an overview of local biomass used for energy production (e.g. incineration, biogas).


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Material / energy flow

Methodology

For key types/sources of local biomass, sum up total mass used in energy production. Data from power companies.


Unit
Tonnes/year
39 Circular Material Use Rate

The circular material use rate (CMU), also called Circularity rate measures, in percentage, the share of material recovered and fed back into the economy - thus saving extraction of primary raw materials - in overall material use. A higher Circularitity rate value indicates more secondary materials substituting for primary raw materials i.e. avoiding the environmental impacts of extracting primary material.


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology

"Circularity rate (CMU) is defined as the ratio of the circular use of materials (U) to the overall material use (M).

CMU = U/M = (RCV_R - IMPw + EXPw) / (DMC + RCV_R - IMPw + EXPw)

The overall material use is measured by summing up the aggregate domestic material consumption (DM3. and the circular use of materials (M = DMC + U). DMC is defined in economy-wide material flow accounts.

The circular use of materials is approximated by the amount of waste recycled in domestic recovery plants (RCV_R), minus imported waste destined for recovery (IMPw), plus exported waste destined for recovery abroad (EXPw). Waste recycled in domestic recovery plants comprises the recovery operations R2 to R11 as defined in the Waste Framework Directive 75/442/EEC. European statistics on international trade in goods (ITGS) are used to approximate the imports and exports of waste destined for recycling, i.e. the amount of imported waste bound for recovery (IMPw), and the amount of exported waste bound for recovery (EXPw).” Source: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/cache/metadata/EN/env_ac_cur_esms.htm


Unit
%
40 Share of renewable raw materials in domestic material consumption

This indicator assesses the significance of renewable materials in the economy, i.e. resources that have a natural rate of availability and yield a continual flow of services which may be consumed in any time period without endangering future consumption possibilities as long as current use does not exceed net renewal during the period under consideration.


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology

For a given time period (e.g. month or year):

Total mass of renewable raw materials (e.g. sustainably sourced biomass) divided by domestic material consumption


Unit
%
41 Share of secondary materials in domestic material consumption

This indicator assesses the significance of secondary materials in the economy


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology

Share of (Recycling + Backfilling)/ domestic material consumption

For biomass: Share of Recycling / domestic material consumption

Example: Food waste is being used for feed to replace grain or soy in the consumption for animal feed.


Unit
%
42 Share of local secondary materials in domestic material consumption

This indicator assesses the significance of locally sourced secondary materials in the economy


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology

Share of local (Recycling + Backfilling ) / domestic material consumption

For biomass: Share of Local recycling / domestic material consumption

Example: Food waste is being used for feed to replace grain or soy in the consumption for animal feed.


Unit
%
43 Import of materials

Identify mass of materials imported at city and sector level


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology

The data comes directly from the Sector Circularity Assessment Method


Unit
Tonnes/year
44 Export of waste materials

Identify collected waste at city and sector lever being exported out of the city.


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology

Data from waste management company, as well as from the Sector Circularity Assessment Method. No calculation needed.


Unit
Tonnes/year
45 Export of waste materials to incineration

Assess the share of the waste exported out of the city that goes to incineration


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology

Data from waste management companies


Unit
Tonnes/year
46 Export of waste materials to landfill

Assess the share of the waste exported out of the city that goes to landfill


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology

Data from waste management companies


Unit
Tonnes/year
47 Export of waste materials to composting

Assess the share of the waste exported out of the city that goes to composting


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology

Data may come from waste management companies, industry reports, from the city/national data, NGOs


Unit
Tonnes/year
48 EU self-sufficiency for raw materials

The indicator measures how much the city is independent from the rest of the world for several raw materials.


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology

The indicator is expressed in % and is defined as:

1-(net) Import reliance.

Import Reliance (IR) is defined in the EU Critical Raw Materials methodology as IR = Net import / Apparent consumption = (Import - Export) / (Domestic production + Import - Export)


Unit
%
49 Quantity of material subjected to reuse

Estimate mass of materials being reused at city/sector level. ‘Reuse’ means reuse of discarded yet still usable product, for the same purpose, by a different user.

Definition comes from Potting; José and Aldert Hanemaaijer (eds.) (PBL), Roel Delahaye and Rutger Hoekstra (CBS), Jurgen Ganzevles and Johannes Lijzen (RIVM) (2018). Circular economy: what we want to know and can measure. Framework and baseline assessment for monitoring the progress of the circular economy in the Netherlands. PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency publication Number 3217. The Hague, 2018.


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology

Sum up mass of each waste material category subjected to reuse. Data may come from waste management companies.


Unit
Tonnes/year
50 Quantity of material subjected to repair

Estimate mass of materials being repaired at city/sector level. ‘Repair’ means repair or maintenance of broken or malfunctioning product, to enable continuation of its original function.

Definition from Potting; José and Aldert Hanemaaijer (eds.) (PBL), Roel Delahaye and Rutger Hoekstra (CBS), Jurgen Ganzevles and Johannes Lijzen (RIVM) (2018). Circular economy: what we want to know and can measure. Framework and baseline assessment for monitoring the progress of the circular economy in the Netherlands. PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency publication number 3217. The Hague, 2018.


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology

Sum up mass of each waste material category subjected to repair. Data may come from waste management companies or other recycling businesses.


Unit
Tonnes/year
51 Quantity of material subjected to remanufacturing

Estimate mass of materials being remanufactured at city/sector level. ‘Remanufacture’ means using parts of a discarded product in a new product of the same function.

Definition from Potting; José and Aldert Hanemaaijer (eds.) (PBL), Roel Delahaye and Rutger Hoekstra (CBS), Jurgen Ganzevles and Johannes Lijzen (RIVM) (2018). Circular economy: what we want to know and can measure. Framework and baseline assessment for monitoring the progress of the circular economy in the Netherlands. PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency publication number 3217. The Hague, 2018.


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology

Sum up mass of each waste material category subjected to remanufacture. Data may come from waste management companies or other recycling businesses.


Unit
Tonnes/year
52 Quantity of material subjected to recycling

Estimate material subjected to recycling at demo, sector and city level. ‘Recycling’ means processing of materials to achieve the original high-quality or reduce to low quality.

Definition from Potting; José and Aldert Hanemaaijer (eds.) (PBL), Roel Delahaye and Rutger Hoekstra (CBS), Jurgen Ganzevles and Johannes Lijzen (RIVM) (2018). Circular economy: what we want to know and can measure. Framework and baseline assessment for monitoring the progress of the circular economy in the Netherlands. PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency publication number 3217. The Hague, 2018.


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology

Sum up mass of each waste material category subjected to recycling. Data may come from contractors, statistical offices, waste management companies or the Sector Circularity Assessment Method.


Unit
Tonnes/year
53 Quantity of material for anaerobic digestion

Estimate mass of materials going to anaerobic digestion.


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology

Sum of organic material going to anaerobic digestion. Data may come from demo managers, waste management companies or the Sector Circularity Assessment Method.


Unit
Tonnes/year
54 End of Life Collection Rate

The End-of-Life Collection Rate (EoL CR) measures the efficiency with which end-of-life material fraction is collected.


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology

For each material fraction, it is defined as the total material collected for recycling divided by the amount of waste.


Unit
%
55 EOL-RR (End of Life Recycling Rate)

The End-of-Life Recycling Rate (EoL RR) measures the efficiency with which the mass contained in End-of-Life products is collected, pre-treated, and finally recycled.


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology

For each material fraction, the End-of-Life recycling rate is defined as the End-of-Life mass recycled divided by the available mass of End-of-Life materials. It is the product of the Processing Rate and the Collection Rate (EoL RR = EoL PR x EoL CR).


Unit
%
56 Quantity of material for composting

Estimate mass of materials going to composting at demo, sector and city scale.


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Re-use and recycling

Methodology

Mass of organic material going to composting. Data may come from demo managers, waste management companies or the Sector Circularity Assessment Method.


Unit
Tonnes/year
57 Amount of sector specific waste that is produced

Total mass of waste for sector.


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Waste generation / management

Methodology

Data from waste management companies.


Unit
Tonnes/year
58 End of Life Processing Rate

The End-of-Life Processing Rate (EoL PR) measures the efficiency of the end-of-life processing process.


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Waste generation / management

Methodology

For each material fraction, the End-of-Life processing rate is defined as:

The End-of-Life mass recycled divided by the End-of-Life mass collected.


Unit
%
59 Incineration rate

Mass percentage of waste which incinerated.


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Waste generation / management

Methodology

Mass of materials incinerated divided by total amount of waste. Data from waste management companies.


Unit
%
60 Incineration rates per material fractions

Mass percentage of waste which incinerated for each material fraction as defined by local waste management companies.


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Waste generation / management

Methodology

Per fraction: Mass of materials incinerated divided by total amount of waste. Data from waste management companies.


Unit
%
61 Landfilling rate

Mass percentage of waste which landfilled.


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Waste generation / management

Methodology

Mass of materials landfilled divided by total amount of waste. Data from waste management companies.


Unit
%
62 Landfilling rates per material fractions

Mass percentage of waste which landfilled for each material fraction as defined by local waste management companies.


Vision element
3. Closing material loops and reducing harmful resource use

Category
  • Waste generation / management

Methodology

Per fraction: Mass of materials landfilled divided by total amount of waste. Data from waste management companies.


Unit
%

4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

63 Percentage of school-aged population enrolled in school

At city scale: The net enrolment ratio is the Number of boys and girls of the age of a particular level of education that are enrolled in that level of education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group. The indicator can be calculated for primary and secondary education (ref ISCED 2011 classification).


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Well-being

Methodology

Number of boys and girls of the age of a particular level of education that are enrolled in that level of education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group.


Unit
%
64 Percentage of students completing secondary education

The indicator estimates the share of students that complete upper secondary education (sometimes referred to as high school) relative to the Number of students that start up secondary education (lower level, or sometimes referred to as junior high school).


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Well-being

Methodology

At city scale (including all secondary schools within the city boundary) for any given year:

The number of students graduating from upper secondary school divided by the number of students enrolled into the first year of lower secondary school.

For definition of education levels, see ISCED 2011.


Unit
%
65 Average life expectancy

At city level: Life expectancy at birth is the mean Number of years a newborn child can expect to live if subjected throughout his or her life to the current mortality conditions, the probabilities of dying at each age.


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Well-being

Methodology

Life expectancy is calculated based on the standard methods used by the national statistical bureau, alternatively by Eurostat, see Eurostat mortality metadata


Unit
Years
66 Number of in-patient hospital beds per 100 000 population

List Hospitals within city boundaries. Identify Number of hospitals beds.


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Well-being

Methodology

Hospitals beds divided by 100 000 inhabitants


Unit
Beds / 100 000 inhabitants
67 Open green space area ratio per 100,000 inhabitants

Define requirements for an open green space, for example using the EEA definition for publicly accessible green space per inhabitant. The EEA map showing Surface area of publicly accessible green space per inhabitant in core cities can be seen here


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Well-being

Methodology

The total area of green spaces divided by number of inhabitants multiplied by 100 000.


Unit
Hectare / 100 000 people
68 Share of green space areas within urban limits

Define requirements for an open green space, for example using the EEA definition for publicly accessible green space per inhabitants. The resulting green space area is divided by the total urban area as defined by the city.


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Well-being

Methodology

Green space within urban area divided by total space of urban area.


Unit
%
69 Percentage of city population with potable water supply service

Total houses connected to potable water supply service. Total Number of inhabitant living in these houses.


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Well-being

Methodology

Population with potable water supply service divided by city population


Unit
%
70 Percentage of city population with authorized electrical service

Total Number of houses connected to electrical service/ infrastructure. Total Number of inhabitant living in these houses.


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Well-being

Methodology

Population with connected to electrical infrastructure divided by city population


Unit
%
71 Percentage of city population with regular solid waste collection (residential)

Total Number of houses getting regular waste management service. Total Number of inhabitants living in these houses.


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Well-being

Methodology

Population connected with regular waste management service divided by city population


Unit
%
72 Percentage of city population served by wastewater collection

Total Number of houses connected to wastewater sewage works. Total Number of inhabitants living in these houses.


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Well-being

Methodology

Population connected to wastewater sewage works divided by city population


Unit
%
73 Unemployment rate

Eurostat: Unemployed persons are all persons 15 to 74 years of age (16 to 74 years in ES, IT and the UK) who were not employed during the reference week, had actively sought work during the past four weeks and were ready to begin working immediately or within two weeks.


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Well-being

Methodology

Registered unemployed at city level divided with workforce


Unit
%
74 AROP - at-risk-of-poverty rate for the total population

Eurostat definition: At risk-of-poverty are persons with an equivalised disposable income below the risk-of-poverty threshold, which is set at 60 % of the national median equivalised disposable income (after social transfers).


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Well-being

Methodology

Number of people (city) with income included social transfer below 60 % of national median equivalised disposable income divided by the number of people with income (city)


Unit
%
75 QSR - income quintile share ratio

Eurostat: The income quintile share ratio or the S80/S20 ratio is a measure of the inequality of income distribution.


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Well-being

Methodology

QSR is calculated as the ratio of total income received by the 20 % of the population with the highest income (the top quintile) to that received by the 20 % of the population with the lowest income (the bottom quintile). All incomes are compiled as equivalised disposable incomes.


Unit
Income ratio
76 Average commuting distance/time

Average duration of commute (and/or commuting distance) to and from work or an educational establishment, using any types of transport modes.


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Well-being

Methodology

Data source: household mobility or transport surveys done by local authorities


Unit
Time, Distance
77 Share of population having access to public transport within 15 minutes by foot

Population residing <500 metres from a public transport stop (%). See data from Urban Agenda for the EU (2019). Urban mobility indicators for walking and public transport. Indicator C1


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Well-being

Methodology

Map public transportation stops. Mark area within 500m distance. Calculate number of people living in these areas. Divide by total population.


Unit
%
78 Percentage of urban development that occurs on existing urban land rather than on greenfield land

Greenfield land can be understood as undeveloped land in a city or rural area either used for agriculture or landscape design, or left to evolve naturally. Using the CORINE Land Cover (CLC) nomenclature, ‘existing urban land’ would be all areas in the Area class “Artificial surfaces”, except Area class “141 Green urban areas”. See CORINE Land Cover (CLC) nomenclature


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Well-being

Methodology

For a given time period (e.g. one year):

The area of urban development taking place on ‘existing urban land’ divided by the total area of urban development.


Unit
%
79 Percentage of city area protected as natural sites

A protected area is a defined geographical space, recognised, dedicated and man-aged, through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long-term con-servation of nature with associated eco-system services and cultural values. (IUCN Definition 2008)


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Environment impacts (local)

Methodology

Sum up protected area aligned with this definition


Unit
%
80 Percentage of residential and commercial wastewater that is treated according to applicable national standards

Wastewater treatment is the process of removing suspended and dissolved physical, chemical, and biological contaminants to produce (a) water that is safe to be discharged to the environment or suitable for reuse and (b) a solid sludge suitable for disposal or reuse


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Environment impacts (local)

Methodology

Wastewater from residential and industry treated divided by total water consumption


Unit
%
81 Percentage of water samples in a year that comply with national potable water quality standards

Number of water samples with in national potable water quality standards.


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Environment impacts (local)

Methodology

Number of water samples in accordance with national potable water quality standards divided by total number of water samples pr. year


Unit
%
82 Urban population exposure to air pollution by particulate matter

The indicator shows the population-weighted concentration of PM10 and PM2.5 to which the urban population is potentially exposed.


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Environment impacts (local)

Methodology

Population weighted annual mean concentration in µg/m3. Calculated for i. particulates <2.5µm ii. particulates <10µm

See more info on methodology in Eurostat indicator t2020_rn210


Unit
Micrograms per cubic metre
83 Levels of Particulate Matter (PM10)

Particulate matter (PM10) comprises solid and liquid particles of less than 10 micrometres suspended in air.


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Environment impacts (local)

Methodology

Should be measured at selected sites at demo and city level: The amount of solid and liquid particles less than 10 micrometres suspended in air. Should be averaged over selected time periods (e.g. day, month, year) and can be compared to daily limit values (50 µg/m3).

See Eurostat indicator t2020_rn200 as reference and data description. Urban population exposed to PM10 concentrations exceeding the daily limit value.


Unit
µg/m3
84 Levels of Particulate Matter (PM2.5)

Particulate matter (PM2.5) comprises solid and liquid particles of less than 10 micrometres suspended in air.


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Environment impacts (local)

Methodology

Should be measured at selected sites at demo and city level:

The amount of solid and liquid particles less than 2.5 micrometres suspended in air. Should be averaged over selected time periods (e.g. day, month, year)


Unit
µg/m3
85 GHG emissions per year

The indicator measures annual emissions of the so called ‘Kyoto basket’ of greenhouse gases. The indicator should be calculated at city level and when relevant, for demonstration actions. Focus is on direct emissions. See here for more info on the Kyoto basket


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Environment impacts (global)

Methodology

Direct GHG emissions pr. year demo level Direct GHG emissions pr. year city level


Unit
Tonnes CO2-equivalents / year
86 Annual CO2 equivalent emissions per capita

The indicator measures annual emissions of the so called ‘Kyoto basket’ of greenhouse gases per capita at city level


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Environment impacts (global)

Methodology

Direct GHG emissions per year at city level divided by the number of inhabitants


Unit
Tonnes CO2-equivalents / capita / year
87 Annual CO2 emissions per unit of GDP

The indicator measures annual direct emissions of CO2 at city level per GDP at city level.


Vision element
4. Improving human well-being and reducing environmental impacts

Category
  • Environment impacts (global)

Methodology

Direct CO2 emissions divided by GDP at city level. Calculated per year.


Unit
Tonnes CO2 / Monetary unit